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Which of the following Are Bid Rigging Agreements

Bid rigging agreements are illegal agreements between competitors that violate antitrust laws. These agreements are typically made during the bidding process for contracts or projects, and they involve conspiring to manipulate the bidding process in order to ensure that one of the competitors wins the contract.

If you work in a field that involves competitive bidding, it`s important to be aware of the types of bid rigging agreements that are illegal. Here are some of the most common types of bid rigging agreements that you should be aware of:

1. Bid Suppression: This occurs when a bidder agrees not to submit a competitive bid, or to withdraw a previously submitted bid. By doing so, the remaining bidders have a better chance of winning the contract.

2. Bid Rotation: This involves a group of bidders agreeing to take turns being the winning bidder on a particular contract. It allows each member of the group to benefit from the contract without having to compete against one another.

3. Market Division: This occurs when competitors agree to divide the market into specific geographic areas or customer groups, with each competitor being assigned a certain area or group. This allows each competitor to dominate their assigned area or group without having to compete against the others.

4. Price Fixing: This involves competitors agreeing to set a fixed price for their bids or contracts. By doing so, they eliminate competition based on price and ensure that they all receive a similar profit margin.

5. Buyer Collusion: In this scenario, a buyer or group of buyers collude with bidders to rig the bidding process in favor of a specific bidder. This is illegal because it gives an unfair advantage to the chosen bidder and prevents other bidders from competing fairly.

It`s important to note that these types of bid rigging agreements are illegal and can result in significant fines and legal consequences for those involved. If you suspect that bid rigging is occurring in the bidding process for a contract or project, it`s important to report it to the appropriate authorities. By doing so, you can help to ensure a fair and competitive bidding process for all participants.